La Tragédie de Salomé: Florent Schmitt’s most famous composition … 15 commercial recordings and counting.

Salome (Gustave Moreau)

Salome: Painting by French Symbolist Artist Gustave Moreau (1826-1898)

Without question, La Tragédie de Salomé, Op. 50 is Florent Schmitt’s most famous composition.  Composed in 1907 and revised in 1910, this ballet is far more often performed as a symphonic suite these days (although the Mariinsky Ballet revived the stage version in 2013).

The composition became famous from the very start – recognized by music critics and audiences alike as one of the best examples of French tone painting.

It’s also the composer’s best-known “orientalist” work – a bright star in a constellation that also includes other femme-fatale heroines like Cléopâtre, Abisag, Salammbô and Oriane.

Florent Schmitt, La Tragedie de Salome, album booklet from Columbia set M-157

Florent Schmitt himself conducted the second recording of La Tragédie de Salomé in Paris in 1930, leading the Straram Concerts Orchestra. This is the album booklet from the American Columbia release (Set M-157) which sold for US$8 in 1931 — the equivalent of $98 in today’s dollars!

So it’s not surprising that Salomé is also the composition of Schmitt’s that has enjoyed the most commercial recordings over the years.

Beginning in 1929/30 – when the first two recordings were waxed within a few months of one another – and continuing up to the present day, there have been no fewer than 15 commercial recordings made of this music.

One recording of the original unpublished 1907 ballet has also appeared – a fascinating reading of a version that’s nearly twice as long as the one the world knows best.

We are very fortunate to have a variety of interpretive approaches to this music.  I have listened to all but one of the recordings (the elusive 1942/43 Charles Munch reading).  While a number of the recordings appeal to me more than others, to my ears each of them has its own merits.

Indeed, Florent Schmitt has been quite lucky in the quality of conductors and orchestras that have been inspired to bring this music in front of the microphones.

In fact, one recording could be considered a “definitive” interpretation because the composer himself is leading the musical forces.

Florent Schmitt La Tragedie de Salome Columbia

Florent Schmitt’s own recording of La Tragédie de Salomé (1930), in its American Columbia release.

Listed below are all of the commercially released recordings of La Tragédie de Salomé of which I’m aware.  (Corrections or additions to the data are welcomed.)

Orchestre Symphonique du Gramophone, Piero Coppola, conductor.  Recorded September 1929 … Original 78-rpm release:  Gramophone W 1055-57 … CD reissue:  Lys 373 (with works by Golestan, Honegger, Rabaud, Roussel)

Orchestre des Concerts Straram, Florent Schmitt, conductor.  Recorded April 18-19, 1930, Théatre des Champs-Elysées (Paris) … Original 78-rpm release:  LFX 68-71 … CD reissue:  EMI  54840-2 (with works by Roussel)

Schmitt Dukas Dervaux

Pierre Dervaux’s recording was made in October 1957, in the presence of the composer.

Orchestre de la Société des Concerts du Conservatoire, Charles Munch, conductor.  Recorded October 15, 1942 and April 3, 1943, Salle du Conservatoire (Paris) … Original 78-rpm release:  Gramophone W 1559-62 (Never reissued)

L’Orchestre du Théatre National de l’Opéra de Paris, Pierre Dervaux, conductor.  Recorded October 16, 1957 (in the presence of the composer), Maison de la Mutualité (Paris) … Original LP release:  EMI/Voix de Son Maitre FALP 530 … CD reissue:  Forgotten Records FR 410 (with works by Dukas)

Florent Schmitt Lalo Richard Strauss Paul Paray DSO Mercury

Grand Prix du Disque winner: Paul Paray’s 1958 recording of Salomé — the first release of this music in stereophonic sound.

Detroit Symphony Orchestra, Paul Paray, conductor.  Recorded March 23, 1958, Orchestra Hall (Detroit) … Original LP release:  Mercury SR 90177  Stereo … CD reissue:  Mercury Living Presence 434336-2 (with works by Liszt, Saint-Saëns, Richard Strauss, von Weber)

Orquestra Sinfónica Nacional, Pedro de Freitas Branco, conductor.  Recorded July 14, 1961, Studio A, Emissora Nacional de Radiodiffusão (Lisbon)  (Live recording) … Original CD release:  Strauss SP 4113 (with works by Debussy, deFalla)

Florent Schmitt Henri Duparc Ernest Chausson Antonio de Almeida RCA

Antonio de Almeida’s RCA recording with the New Philharmonia Orchestra (1970).

New Philharmonia Orchestra, Antonio de Almeida, conductor Recorded 1970, London … Original LP release:  RCA Victor LSC 3151  Stereo … CD reissue:  ReDiscovery RD 082 (with works by Chausson, Dukas, Duparc)

L’Orchestre National de l’O.R.T.F., Jean Martinon, conductor.  Recorded October 6-7, 1972, Salle Wagram (Paris) … Original LP release:  EMI/Pathé Marconi C 069-12166  Stereo/Quadraphonic … CD reissue:  EMI CDC 749748-2 (with works by Schmitt, Debussy)

L’Orchestre Philharmonique de Radio-France, Marek Janowski, conductor.  Recorded  October 1988, Studio 103, Radio-France (Paris) … Original CD release:  Erato 2292-45029-2  Stereo … CD reissue:  Apex 2564-62764-2 (with other works by Schmitt)

Florent Schmitt: La Tragedie de Salome (original version) (Marco Polo)

Double the music, half the musicians:  The original 1907 version of Salomé, recorded by Patrick Davin and Marco Polo in 1991.

Staatsphilharmonie Rheinland-Pfalz, Patrick Davin, conductor.  Recorded December 18-19, 1991, Pfalzbau-Hall (Ludwigshafen) … Original CD release:  Marco Polo 8.223448  Stereo  (Original 1907 version)

BBC National Orchestra of Wales, Thierry Fischer, conductor.  Recorded October 24-25, 2006, Brangwyn Hall, Guildhall (Swansea) … Original CD release:  Hyperion DCA 67599  Stereo  (with other works by Schmitt)

Schmitt Stravinsky Debussy Cambreling

Sylvain Cambreling’s recording is part of Hanssler Classic’s multi-volume survey of the Ballets Russes’ Parisian stage productions from 1900 to 1925.

SWR Symphony Orchestra (Baden-Baden u. Freiburg), Sylvain Cambreling, conductor.  Recorded December 2007, Konzerthaus (Freiburg) … Original CD release:  Hänssler Classic 93.223  Stereo  (with works by Debussy, Stravinsky)

Borusan-Istanbul Philharmonic Orchestra, Sascha Goetzel, conductor.  Recorded May 24-29, 2009, Borusan Oto, Istinye (Istanbul) … Original CD release:  Onyx 4048  Stereo  (with works by Hindemith, Respighi)

Orchestre Métropolitain, Yannick Nézet-Séguin, conductor.  Recorded July 2010, Église Saint-Ferdinand, Laval (Québec) … Original CD release:  ATMA ACD2 2647  Stereo  (with works by Franck)   (View a video clip of the recording session)

Florent Schmitt Tragedie de Salome Tortelier OSESP

Transnational flair: The superlative 2010 Chandos recording features a French conductor and Brazilian musicians.

Orquesta Sinfónica do Estado de São Paulo, Yan-Pascal Tortelier, conductor.  Recorded July 5-9, 2010, Júlio Prestes Cultural Center (São Paulo) … Original CD release:  Chandos CHSA 5090  Super Audio  (with other works by Schmitt)

A measure of the importance of the Salomé score — and of the performers involved — is the fact that nearly all of these recordings remain available today in CD or download formats — even most of the ones from the 78-rpm and pre-stereophonic eras.

__________________________________________________

Update (5/1/14):  In the months since this blog post was published, there have been two additional recordings released of La Tragédie de Salomé — both of them taken from broadcast performances made by French National Radio in the 1950s.  They have now been released for the first time by Forgotten Records:

Pierre Dervaux and l’Orchestre National de la Radiodiffusion-Télévision Française (radio broadcast performance from May 20, 1958).  Forgotten Records FR 918, coupled with works by Chabrier, Debussy, Lalo and Ravel.

Schmitt Salome Freitas Branco Forgotten RecordsPedro de Freitas Branco and l’Orchestre National de la Radiodiffusion-Télévision Française (radio broadcast performance from February 21, 1955).  Forgotten Records FR 928, coupled with works by Aubert and Ropartz.

 

3 thoughts on “La Tragédie de Salomé: Florent Schmitt’s most famous composition … 15 commercial recordings and counting.

  1. Pingback: Salomé, Florent Schmitt’s Sinuous Temptress: Seducing Audiences for 100 Years | Florent Schmitt

  2. I wish someone would reissue the original 1907 version or, even better, release a new recording. I’ve only recently discovered Schmitt and would love to hear more Salome!

  3. Pingback: Forgotten Records: Resurrecting noteworthy recordings of Florent Schmitt’s music from the LP era. | Florent Schmitt

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